Five Star Bancorp Announces Quarterly and Annual Results

Jan 31, 2022

RANCHO CORDOVA, Calif., Jan. 31, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Five Star Bancorp (Nasdaq: FSBC) (the “Company” or “Five Star”), the holding company for Five Star Bank, today reported net income of $11.3 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as compared to $11.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 and $9.5 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. Net income for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $42.4 million, as compared to $35.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Financial Highlights

During the second quarter of 2021, the Company terminated its status as a “Subchapter S” corporation in connection with its initial public offering (“IPO”). As such, results presented for the three months and year ended December 31, 2020 have been calculated using a 3.50% S Corporation tax rate, while the effective tax rate for the three months and year ended December 31, 2021 was 10.43% and 9.98%, respectively, as noted in the section titled “Provision for Income Taxes” herein. Performance highlights and other developments for the Company for the periods noted below included the following:

  • Earnings per share for the three months and year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021 and three months and year ended December 31, 2020 were as follows:
  For the three months ended 
  Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  Dec 31, 2020 
Basic earnings per common share $0.66  $0.64  $0.86 
Diluted earnings per common share $0.66  $0.64  $0.86 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding  17,096,230   17,095,957   10,988,705 
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding  17,139,693   17,123,182   10,988,705 
Shares outstanding at end of period  17,224,848   17,223,808   11,000,273 


  For the year ended 
  Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020 
Basic earnings per common share $2.83  $3.57 
Diluted earnings per common share $2.83  $3.57 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding  14,972,637   10,063,183 
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding  14,995,213   10,063,183 
Shares outstanding at end of period  17,224,848   11,000,273 
         
  • Loan and deposit growth at December 31, 2021, as compared to September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, were as follows:
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  $ Change  % Change 
Total loans $1,945,131  $1,709,983  $235,148   13.75%
Total loans, excluding Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) loans(1)  1,923,007   1,648,483   274,524   16.65%
PPP loans  22,124   61,499   (39,375)  (64.03)%
PPP deferred fees  628   1,706   (1,078)  (63.19)%
Non-interest-bearing deposits  902,118   899,252   2,866   0.32%
Interest-bearing deposits  1,383,772   1,269,142   114,630   9.03%
                 
                 
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Total loans $1,945,131  $1,507,979  $437,152   28.99%
Total loans, excluding PPP loans(1)  1,923,007   1,360,014   562,993   41.40%
PPP loans  22,124   147,965   (125,841)  (85.05)%
PPP deferred fees  628   2,720   (2,092)  (76.91)%
Non-interest-bearing deposits  902,118   701,079   201,039   28.68%
Interest-bearing deposits  1,383,772   1,082,922   300,850   27.78%

(1) See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure.

  • PPP fee income recognized for the quarter ended December 31, 2021 totaled $1.1 million, as compared to $1.8 million and $3.1 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. PPP fee income recognized for the year ended December 31, 2021 totaled $6.2 million, as compared to $4.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.
  • At December 31, 2021, the Company reported total loans, total assets, and total deposits of $1.9 billion, $2.6 billion, and $2.3 billion, respectively, as compared to $1.5 billion, $2.0 billion, and $1.8 billion, respectively, at December 31, 2020.
  • For the three months ended December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a provision for loan losses of $1.5 million, as compared to no provision recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and $3.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company recorded a provision for loan losses of $1.7 million, as compared to a provision of $9.0 million recorded for the year ended December 31, 2020.
  • At December 31, 2021, the ratio of nonperforming loans to period end loans of 0.03% remained unchanged, as compared to December 31, 2020.
  • For the quarter ended December 31, 2021, net interest margin was 3.67%, as compared to 3.60% for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 and 4.09% for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2021, net interest margin was 3.64%, as compared to 3.68% for the year ended December 31, 2020.
  • The Company’s Board of Directors declared, and the Company subsequently paid, a cash dividend of $0.15 per share during the three months ended December 31, 2021.
  • For the three months ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s return on average assets (“ROAA”) was 1.82% and the return on average equity (“ROAE”) was 19.15%, as compared to ROAA and ROAE of 1.85% and 19.26%, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and 1.90% and 29.05%, respectively, for the three months ended December 31, 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s ROAA and ROAE were 1.86% and 22.49%, respectively, as compared to ROAA and ROAE of 1.95% and 31.16%, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2020.

“While we remain focused on the future and maintaining a position of distinction and respect in the markets and communities we serve, we are proud to look back at 2021 as an exceptional year of achievement. The bank’s stellar performance included a very successful IPO, outstanding year-over-year growth in loans, assets, and deposits, strong earnings per share, and a regular shareholder dividend. This is the culmination of our entire team’s efforts, even while working through a pandemic. An adaptive team is critical to our success, and we will continue to hire those who can quickly respond to changing market conditions and demands,” said Five Star Bank President and Chief Executive Officer, James Beckwith.

“Five Star Bank was built on a foundation of client and community-focused initiatives, and in 2021 we were honored to receive a Corporate Steward Award, Corporate Champion of the Year Award, and Leadership Award, all recognizing that our culture embraces the significance and impact of seizing opportunities, overcoming challenges, and being of service to others. In addition to community leadership, we are committed to staying at the forefront of innovation and technology and making investments in people and processes. We also remain focused on the successful execution of our ongoing digital transformation and the continued build-out of our verticals. I am humbled and proud of our team’s accomplishments and look forward to the continuation of our organic growth story,” Beckwith concluded.

Summary Results

For the three months ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s ROAA and ROAE were 1.82% and 19.15%, respectively, as compared to 1.85% and 19.26%, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and 1.90% and 29.05%, respectively, for the three months ended December 31, 2020. The rate at which net income increased from the quarter ended September 30, 2021 to the quarter ended December 31, 2021 was less significant than the increase to average assets and average equity, during the three months ended December 31, 2021, primarily due to (i) recording of a $1.5 million provision for loan losses; (ii) an increase of $0.2 million for salaries and benefits; and (iii) a decline of $0.7 million of PPP fee income earned, which offset the increase in income. As compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021, the increases in average assets and average equity were largely the result of a high degree of new loans originated during the three months ended December 31, 2021 at lower yields, coupled with more equity being retained by the Company. As compared to the three months ended December 31, 2020, the increases in average assets and average equity were largely the result of a higher average equity balance during the three months ended December 31, 2021 stemming from net proceeds from the issuance of additional shares of common stock in the Company’s IPO during the second quarter of 2021, a high degree of new loans originated during the three months ended December 31, 2021 at lower yields, and a higher income tax expense recognized during the three months ended December 31, 2021 as a result of the Company’s conversion to a C Corporation during the second quarter of 2021.

For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company’s ROAA and ROAE were 1.86% and 22.49%, respectively, as compared to 1.95% and 31.16%, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2020. The decrease in ROAA and ROAE is largely the result of a higher average equity balance during the year ended December 31, 2021 stemming from net proceeds from the issuance of additional shares of common stock in the Company’s IPO during the second quarter of 2021, new loans originated during the year ended December 31, 2021 at lower yields, and a higher income tax expense recognized during the year ended December 31, 2021 as a result of the Company’s conversion to a C Corporation during the second quarter of 2021.

The following is a summary of the components of the Company’s operating results and performance ratios for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands, except per share data) Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  $ Change  % Change 
Selected operating data:                
Net interest income $21,358  $19,909  $1,449   7.28%
Provision for loan losses  1,500      1,500   100.00%
Non-interest income  1,790   2,028   (238)  (11.74)%
Non-interest expense  9,018   8,641   377   4.36%
Pre-tax net income  12,630   13,296   (666)  (5.01)%
Provision for income taxes  1,321   2,270   (949)  (41.81)%
Net income  11,309   11,026   283   2.57%
                 
Earnings per common share:                
Basic $0.66  $0.64  $0.02   3.13%
Diluted $0.66  $0.64  $0.02   3.13%
                 
Performance and other financial ratios:                
ROAA  1.82%  1.85%        
ROAE  19.15%  19.26%        
Net interest margin  3.67%  3.60%        
Cost of funds  0.16%  0.17%        
                 
  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands, except per share data) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Selected operating data:                
Net interest income $21,358  $19,192  $2,166   11.29%
Provision for loan losses  1,500   3,000   (1,500)  (50.00)%
Non-interest income  1,790   2,540   (750)  (29.53)%
Non-interest expense  9,018   8,911   107   1.20%
Pre-tax net income  12,630   9,821   2,809   28.60%
Provision for income taxes  1,321   359   962   267.97%
Net income  11,309   9,462   1,847   19.52%
                 
Earnings per common share:                
Basic $0.66  $0.86  $(0.20)  (23.26)%
Diluted $0.66  $0.86  $(0.20)  (23.26)%
                 
Performance and other financial ratios:                
ROAA  1.82%  1.90%        
ROAE  19.15%  29.05%        
Net interest margin  3.67%  4.09%        
Cost of funds  0.16%  0.31%        
                 
  For the year ended       
(dollars in thousands, except per share data) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Selected operating data:                
Net interest income $77,611  $65,210  $12,401   19.02%
Provision for loan losses  1,700   9,000   (7,300)  (81.11)%
Non-interest income  7,280   9,302   (2,022)  (21.74)%
Non-interest expense  36,043   28,257   7,786   27.55%
Pre-tax net income  47,148   37,255   9,893   26.55%
Provision for income taxes  4,707   1,327   3,380   254.71%
Net income  42,441   35,928   6,513   18.13%
                 
Earnings per common share:                
Basic $2.83  $3.57  $(0.74)  (20.73)%
Diluted $2.83  $3.57  $(0.74)  (20.73)%
                 
Performance and other financial ratios:                
ROAA  1.86%  1.95%        
ROAE  22.49%  31.16%        
Net interest margin  3.64%  3.68%        
Cost of funds  0.19%  0.54%        
                 

Balance Sheet Summary

Total assets at December 31, 2021 were $2.6 billion, an increase of $603.0 million from $2.0 billion at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $134.8 million increase in cash and cash equivalents, a $431.3 million increase in total loans held for investment (“HFI”), net of deferred loan fees, and a $30.8 million increase in total investments.  The $431.3 million increase in total loans HFI between December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2021 was a result of $1.0 billion in non-PPP loan originations and $102.5 million in PPP loan originations, partially offset by $236.5 million in PPP loan forgiveness, $478.5 million in non-PPP loan payoffs and paydowns, and a decrease in deferred loan fees of $1.7 million.

Total liabilities were $2.3 billion at December 31, 2021, an increase of $501.7 million from $1.8 billion at December 31, 2020. The increase in total liabilities was primarily attributable to growth in deposits of $501.9 million, largely due to increases in savings, money market, interest checking, and non-interest-bearing deposits of $38.8 million, $73.5 million, $131.7 million, and $201.0 million, respectively.

Total shareholders’ equity increased by $101.3 million from $133.8 million at December 31, 2020 to $235.0 million at December 31, 2021, primarily as a result of net income recognized of $42.4 million and net proceeds of $111.2 million from the issuance of 6,054,750 shares of common stock in our IPO, partially offset by $51.9 million in cash distributions paid during the year ended December 31, 2021.

(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Selected financial condition data:                
Total assets $2,556,761  $1,953,765  $602,996   30.86%
Cash and cash equivalents  425,329   290,493   134,836   46.42%
Total loans HFI, net of deferred loan fees  1,934,460   1,503,159   431,301   28.69%
Total investments  153,753   122,928   30,825   25.08%
Total liabilities  2,321,715   1,819,990   501,725   27.57%
Total deposits  2,285,890   1,784,001   501,889   28.13%
Subordinated notes, net  28,386   28,320   66   0.23%
Total shareholders’ equity  235,046   133,775   101,271   75.70%
                 

Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin

The following is a summary of the components of net interest income for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  $ Change  % Change 
Interest income $22,253  $20,832  $1,421   6.82%
Interest expense  895   923   (28)  (3.03)%
Net interest income  21,358   19,909   1,449   7.28%
Net interest margin  3.67%  3.60%        
                 
  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Interest income $22,253  $20,652  $1,601   7.75%
Interest expense  895   1,460   (565)  (38.70)%
Net interest income  21,358   19,192   2,166   11.29%
Net interest margin  3.67%  4.09%        
                 
  For the year ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Interest income $81,583  $74,390  $7,193   9.67%
Interest expense  3,972   9,180   (5,208)  (56.73)%
Net interest income  77,611   65,210   12,401   19.02%
Net interest margin  3.64%  3.68%        
                 

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended September 30, 2021 and three months ended December 31, 2020

The following table shows the components of net interest income and net interest margin for the quarterly periods indicated:

  For the three months ended
December 31, 2021
  For the three months ended
September 30, 2021
  For the three months ended
December 31, 2020
 
(dollars in thousands) Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Yield/ Rate  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Yield/ Rate  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Yield/ Rate 
Assets                                    
Interest-earning deposits with banks $330,825  $143   0.17% $412,953  $175   0.17% $214,732  $125   0.23%
Investment securities  160,315   541   1.34%  157,305   571   1.44%  121,413   440   1.44%
Loans  1,815,627   21,569   4.71%  1,625,995   20,086   4.90%  1,530,227   20,087   5.22%
Total interest-earning assets  2,306,767   22,253   3.83%  2,196,253   20,832   3.76%  1,866,372   20,652   4.40%
Interest receivable and other assets, net  159,123           168,906           116,677         
Total assets $2,465,890          $2,365,159          $1,983,049         
                                     
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity                                    
Interest-bearing transaction accounts $165,709  $42   0.10% $149,479  $38   0.10% $145,025  $59   0.16%
Savings accounts  84,290   21   0.10%  76,669   19   0.10%  45,548   15   0.13%
Money market accounts  957,030   351   0.15%  966,629   389   0.16%  910,619   866   0.38%
Time accounts  75,332   38   0.20%  54,314   34   0.25%  62,457   77   0.49%
Subordinated debt  28,376   443   6.20%  28,359   443   6.20%  28,309   443   6.23%
Total interest-bearing liabilities  1,310,737   895   0.27%  1,275,450   923   0.29%  1,191,958   1,460   0.49%
Demand accounts  914,821           853,017           654,713         
Interest payable and other liabilities  5,988           9,537           6,616         
Shareholders’ equity  234,344           227,155           129,762         
Total liabilities & shareholders’ equity $2,465,890          $2,365,159          $1,983,049         
                                     
Net interest spread          3.56%          3.48%          3.91%
Net interest income/margin     $21,358   3.67%     $19,909   3.60%     $19,192   4.09%

Net interest income increased during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021 and the three months ended December 31, 2020. Net interest margin increased 7 basis points to 3.67%, as compared to 3.60% in the quarter ended September 30, 2021, but decreased 42 basis points as compared to 4.09% in the quarter ended December 31, 2020. A key driver in the modest 7 basis point increase and 42 basis point decrease in net interest margin during the periods noted was a decrease in average loan yields and a decrease in average loan yields, excluding PPP loans. Loan yields decreased from 5.22% during the three months ended December 31, 2020, to 4.90% during the three months ended September 30, 2021, to 4.71% during the three months ended December 31, 2021. Average loan yields, excluding PPP loans, decreased from 4.94% during the three months ended December 31, 2020, to 4.66% during the three months ended September 30, 2021, to 4.56% during the three months ended December 31, 2021. These decreases were primarily due to decreases in market interest rates and increases in market competition which caused a majority of the Company’s current fixed rate loans funded in the quarter ended December 31, 2021 to recognize yields lower than those recognized in the trailing quarter and the quarter ended December 31, 2020. Average loan yields, excluding PPP loans, is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of our non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. The rates associated with the index utilized for a significant portion of the Company’s variable rate loans, the United States 5 Year Treasury index, were higher during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021 and the three months ended December 31, 2020, but a majority of these loans were not scheduled to reprice during the three months ended December 31, 2021, also contributing to the downward trend in average loan yields. New loan originations drove increases in the average daily balance of loans from the three months ended December 31, 2020 to the three months ended September 30, 2021 and the three months ended December 31, 2021 which partially offset the aforementioned declining average loan yields and average loan yields, excluding PPP loans. Additionally, yields on PPP loans increased from 7.06%, to 9.11%, to 10.72%, for the quarters ended December 31, 2020, September 30, 2021, and December 31, 2021, respectively, due to an acceleration of deferred fee accretion resulting from PPP loans being forgiven by the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) and repaid, also helping to offset declining average loan yields and average loan yields, excluding PPP loans.

Interest expense decreased for the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021 and the three months ended December 31, 2020. The rates paid on interest bearing liabilities declined slightly during the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2021. The decline in interest expense when compared to the quarter ended December 31, 2020, was primarily attributed to reductions in the rates offered on deposit products during that period. As a result, the cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased to 0.27% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021 from 0.29% for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 and 0.49% for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. In addition, the growth of non-interest-bearing deposits continues to benefit the cost of funds as compared to historical periods. Specifically, the ratio of average total non-interest-bearing deposits to total average deposits was 41.64% and 40.62% in the quarters ended December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, respectively, as compared to 36.01% in the quarter ended December 31, 2020. As a result, the cost of funds decreased to 0.16% for the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 0.17% for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 and 0.31% for the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

Year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to year ended December 31, 2020

The following table shows the components of net interest income and net interest margin for the annual periods indicated:

  For the year ended
December 31, 2021
  For the year ended
December 31, 2020
 
(dollars in thousands) Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Yield/ Rate  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Yield/ Rate 
Assets                        
Interest-earning deposits with banks $346,522  $547   0.16% $237,815  $1,198   0.50%
Investment securities  147,519   2,142   1.45%  95,158   1,787   1.88%
Loans  1,637,280   78,894   4.82%  1,439,380   71,405   4.96%
Total interest-earning assets  2,131,321   81,583   3.83%  1,772,353   74,390   4.20%
Interest receivable and other assets, net  148,830           72,628         
Total assets $2,280,151          $1,844,981         
                         
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity                        
Interest-bearing transaction accounts $155,163  $155   0.10% $141,293  $374   0.26%
Savings accounts  74,402   74   0.10%  39,182   94   0.24%
Money market accounts  935,445   1,798   0.19%  867,417   5,750   0.66%
Time accounts  53,222   172   0.32%  102,890   1,189   1.16%
Subordinated debt  28,350   1,773   6.25%  28,364   1,773   6.25%
Total interest-bearing liabilities  1,246,582   3,972   0.32%  1,179,146   9,180   0.78%
Demand accounts  835,834           546,048         
Interest payable and other liabilities  8,984           4,496         
Shareholders’ equity  188,751           115,291         
Total liabilities & shareholders’ equity $2,280,151          $1,844,981         
                         
Net interest spread          3.51%          3.42%
Net interest income/margin     $77,611   3.64%     $65,210   3.68%

Net interest income increased while net interest margin decreased for the year ended December 31, 2021 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in net interest income was driven primarily by a $7.5 million increase in interest income from loans to $78.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, as the average daily balance of loans increased by $197.9 million, or 13.75%, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. The four basis point decrease in net interest margin to 3.64% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, was primarily attributed to a 14 basis point decrease in average loan yields to 4.82% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 4.96% for the year ended December 31, 2020 and a 39 basis point decrease in average loan yields, excluding PPP loans to 4.70% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 5.09% for the year ended December 31, 2020. Average total loans and average loan yield, excluding PPP loans, respectively, are considered non-GAAP financial measures. See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of our non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. Decreases in market interest rates and increases in market competition caused a majority of the Company’s current fixed rate loans funded in 2021 to recognize yields lower than those recognized in the year ended December 31, 2020, contributing to the aforementioned decrease in average loan yields. Additionally, the rates associated with the index utilized for a significant portion of the Company’s variable rate loans, the United States 5 Year Treasury index, were higher during the year ended December 31, 2021 than during the prior year, but a majority of these loans were not scheduled to reprice during the year ended December 31, 2021, contributing to the downward trend in average loan yields. Partially offsetting the declining average loan yields was $6.2 million of fee income resulting from PPP loans being forgiven and repaid by the SBA that was recognized in the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to $4.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2020. As a result, yields on PPP loans increased from 3.95% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 6.36% for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Interest expense decreased for the year ended December 31, 2021, when compared to the year ended December 31, 2020. The decline in interest expense was primarily attributed to reductions in the rates offered on deposit products. In addition, the growth of non-interest-bearing deposits continues to benefit the cost of funds as compared to historical periods. Specifically, the ratio of average total non-interest-bearing deposits to average total deposits was 40.69% in the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 32.18% in the year ended December 31, 2020. As a result, the cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased by 46 basis points at December 31, 2021 to 0.32%, from 0.78% at December 31,2020, and the cost of funds decreased to 0.19% at December 31, 2021, as compared to 0.54% at December 31, 2020.

Asset Quality

SBA PPP

At December 31, 2021, there were 60 PPP loans outstanding totaling $22.1 million, which included 59 loans totaling $21.5 million funded during 2021 under the second round of the PPP stimulus plan. Approximately 11 of these PPP loans, or 18.33% of total PPP loans at December 31, 2021, totaling $0.6 million, were less than or equal to $0.15 million and had access to streamlined forgiveness processing. At December 31, 2021, 1,370 PPP loan forgiveness applications had been submitted to the SBA and forgiveness payments had been received on 1,367 of these PPP loans, totaling $332.4 million in principal and interest. The Company has submitted all forgiveness applications on the first round of PPP loans and received payment on all but one pending application. We expect full forgiveness of the second round of PPP loans to be completed in the near term.

COVID-19 Deferments

Pursuant to federal guidance, the Company implemented loan programs to allow certain consumers and businesses impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic to defer loan principal and interest payments. At December 31, 2021, six borrowing relationships with six loans totaling $12.2 million were on COVID-19 deferment. All loans that ended COVID-19 deferments in the quarter ended December 31, 2021 returned to their contractual payment structures prior to the COVID-19 pandemic with no risk rating downgrades to classified nor any troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”), and we anticipate that the remaining loans on COVID-19 deferment will return to their pre-COVID-19 contractual payment status after their COVID-19 deferments end.

Allowance for Loan Losses

At December 31, 2021, the Company’s allowance for loan losses was $23.2 million, as compared to $22.2 million at December 31, 2020. The $1.1 million increase is due to a $1.7 million provision for loan losses recorded during the year ended December 31, 2021, offset by net charge-offs of $0.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2021. At December 31, 2021, the Company’s ratio of nonperforming loans to period end loans of 0.03% remained unchanged compared to December 31, 2020, primarily due to the stability of the Company’s nonperforming loans. At December 31, 2021, six loans totaling $12.2 million, or 0.63% of the loan portfolio, were in a COVID-19 deferment period and three loans totaling $0.1 million had been in a COVID-19 deferment in the third quarter of 2021 but were not in such deferment at December 31, 2021. Loans designated as watch and substandard decreased to $8.6 million and $10.6 million, respectively, at December 31, 2021 from $24.3 million and $35.9 million, respectively at December 31, 2020, reducing reserves related to classified and watch loans by $0.5 million, which was offset by additional provision for loan growth during the quarter. There were no loans with doubtful risk grades at December 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020. A summary of the allowance for loan losses by loan class is as follows:

  December 31, 2021  December 31, 2020 
(dollars in thousands) Amount  % of Total  Amount  % of Total 
Collectively evaluated for impairment:                
Real Estate:                
Commercial $12,870   55.37% $9,358   42.17%
Commercial land and development  50   0.22%  77   0.35%
Commercial construction  371   1.60%  821   3.70%
Residential construction  50   0.22%  87   0.39%
Residential  192   0.83%  220   0.99%
Farmland  645   2.78%  615   2.77%
Commercial:                
Secured  6,686   28.77%  9,476   42.71%
Unsecured  207   0.89%  179   0.81%
PPP     0.00%     0.00%
Consumer and other  889   3.82%  632   2.85%
Unallocated  1,111   4.78%  724   3.26%
   23,071   99.28%  22,189   100.0%
Individually evaluated for impairment:                
Commercial Secured  172   0.72%     0.00%
                 
Total allowance for loan losses $23,243   100.00% $22,189   100.00%
 

The ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans was 1.20% at December 31, 2021, as compared to 1.47% at December 31, 2020. Excluding PPP loans, the ratio of the allowance for loan losses to total loans was 1.21% and 1.63% at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The decline in the ratio of allowance to total loans is primarily due to an improvement in economic conditions for SBA loans during fiscal year 2021 and increased loan growth year-over-year. The ratio of the allowance for loan losses to total loans, excluding PPP loans, is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of our non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Non-interest Income

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended September 30, 2021

The following table presents the key components of non-interest income for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  $ Change  % Change 
Service charges on deposit accounts $116  $112  $4   3.57%
Net gain on sale of securities  15   435   (420)  (96.55)%
Gain on sale of loans  1,072   988   84   8.50%
Loan-related fees  219   87   132   151.72%
FHLB stock dividends  102   100   2   2.00%
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance  57   68   (11)  (16.18)%
Other income  209   238   (29)  (12.18)%
Total non-interest income $1,790  $2,028  $(238)  (11.74)%
 

Net gain on sale of securities. The decrease in net gain on sale of securities was primarily due to a decrease in the gain recognized on the sale of approximately $6.3 million of municipal securities during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the gain recognized on the sale of approximately $24.6 million of municipal securities, mortgage-backed securities, and U.S. government treasuries during the three months ended September 30, 2021.

Loan-related fees. The increase in loan-related fees resulted primarily from the recognition of $0.1 million in swap referral fees recognized in the quarter ended December 31, 2021, which did not occur during the quarter ended September 30, 2021.

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended December 31, 2020

The following table presents the key components of non-interest income for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Service charges on deposit accounts $116  $98  $18   18.37%
Net gain on sale of securities  15   197   (182)  (92.39)%
Gain on sale of loans  1,072   1,510   (438)  (29.01)%
Loan-related fees  219   434   (215)  (49.54)%
FHLB stock dividends  102   94   8   8.51%
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance  57   46   11   23.91%
Other income  209   161   48   29.81%
Total non-interest income $1,790  $2,540  $(750)  (29.53)%
 

Net gain on sale of securities. The decrease in net gain on sale of securities was primarily due to the sale of approximately $6.3 million of municipal securities during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the sale of approximately $6.5 million of municipal securities and mortgage-backed securities during the quarter ended December 31, 2020. Of the securities sold in the three months ended December 31, 2020, the mortgage-backed securities sold represented $5.5 million of the sales and contributed primarily to the gain recognized during the period.

Gain on sale of loans. The decline in gain on sale of loans primarily related to a change in the fiscal transfer agent in the SBA’s 7a loan guarantee program, effective August 30, 2021. The change in transfer agent slowed the Company’s ability to sell loans during the three months ended December 31, 2021, thus resulting in lower volumes of loans sold period-over-period, as approximately $9.7 million and $22.3 million of loans were sold during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and the three months ended December 31, 2020, respectively. The decline in volume was partially offset by an increase in premiums received, from 6.09% to 9.38% for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively, due to the mix of loan size and types sold during the three months ended December 31, 2021. Additionally, a $1.8 million consumer loan portfolio was sold for a net gain of approximately $0.2 million during the three months ended December 31, 2021, which did not occur during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Loan-related fees. The decrease in loan-related fees resulted primarily from a $0.2 million decrease in swap referral fees recognized in the quarter ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

Year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to year ended December 31, 2020

The following table presents the key components of non-interest income for the periods indicated:

  For the year ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Service charges on deposit accounts $424  $367  $57   15.53%
Net gain on sale of securities  724   1,438   (714)  (49.65)%
Gain on sale of loans  4,082   4,145   (63)  (1.52)%
Loan-related fees  639   2,309   (1,670)  (72.33)%
FHLB stock dividends  372   321   51   15.89%
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance  237   220   17   7.73%
Other income  802   502   300   59.76%
Total non-interest income $7,280  $9,302  $(2,022)  (21.74)%
 

Net gain on sale of securities. The decrease in net gain on sale of securities was primarily due to a decrease in the gain recognized on the sale of approximately $47.1 million of municipal securities, U.S. government agencies, and U.S. government treasuries during the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the gain recognized on the sale of approximately $46.4 million of municipal securities, mortgage-backed securities, and corporate bonds during the year ended December 31, 2020. Of the securities sold during the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately $18.7 million were sold prior to the shutdowns enacted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, representing approximately $0.5 million of the gain, and the remainder of the securities were sold throughout the remainder of the year in response to market fluctuations.

Loan-related fees. The decrease in loan-related fees resulted primarily from a $1.4 million decrease in swap referral fees recognized in the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, combined with $0.4 million of loan-related fees earned during the year ended December 21, 2020 for processing micro-loans to businesses in the local area in response to COVID-19, which did not recur in the year ended December 31, 2021.

Non-interest Expense

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended September 30, 2021

The following table presents the key components of non-interest expense for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Sep 30, 2021  $ Change  % Change 
Salaries and employee benefits $5,209  $4,980  $229   4.60%
Occupancy and equipment  544   502   42   8.37%
Data processing and software  656   611   45   7.36%
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance  160   110   50   45.45%
Professional services  444   505   (61)  (12.08)%
Advertising and promotional  499   366   133   36.34%
Loan-related expenses  136   462   (326)  (70.56)%
Other operating expenses  1,370   1,105   265   23.98%
Total non-interest expense $9,018  $8,641  $377   4.36%
 

Salaries and employee benefits. The increase in salaries and employee benefits was primarily a result of an increase in the number of employees and increased commissions related to loan and deposit growth during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021. These increases were partially offset by a $0.5 million increase in deferred loan origination costs during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to September 30, 2021.

Advertising and promotional. The increase in advertising and promotional expenses primarily related to increases in business development, marketing, and sponsorship expenses due to in-person participation in events held during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to September 30, 2021.

Loan-related expenses. Loan-related expenses decreased, primarily as a result of a $0.2 million accrual for an SBA matter in the normal course of business during the three months ended September 30, 2021, which did not occur in the three months ended December 31, 2021.

Other operating expenses. Other operating expenses are comprised of travel, insurance, postage and supplies, director fees, other employee expenses, armored car expenses, courier services, and other miscellaneous administrative expenses. These expenses increased primarily due to the net effect of individually immaterial items, including increases in expenses related to travel, insurance, dues and subscriptions, data, and telephone, which increased as a result of an increase in volume of customers and employees during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to September 30, 2021.

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended December 31, 2020

The following table presents the key components of non-interest expense for the periods indicated:

  For the three months ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Salaries and employee benefits $5,209  $5,640  $(431)  (7.64)%
Occupancy and equipment  544   476   68   14.29%
Data processing and software  656   549   107   19.49%
FDIC insurance  160   270   (110)  (40.74)%
Professional services  444   806   (362)  (44.91)%
Advertising and promotional  499   336   163   48.51%
Loan-related expenses  136   222   (86)  (38.74)%
Other operating expenses  1,370   612   758   123.86%
Total non-interest expense $9,018  $8,911  $107   1.20%
 

Salaries and employee benefits. The decrease in salaries and employee benefits was primarily related to a $1.2 million increase in deferred loan origination costs when comparing the three months ended December 31, 2021 to the three months ended December 31, 2020, partially offset by an increase in the number of employees and increased commissions related to loan and deposit growth for the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to December 31, 2020. Additionally, restricted stock compensation expense of $0.2 million was recognized for employee restricted share grants during the three months ended December 31, 2021, which did not occur in the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Data processing and software. The increase in data processing and software was primarily a result of (i) increased usage of our digital banking platform; (ii) higher transaction volumes related to the increased number of loan and deposit accounts; and (iii) increased number of licenses for new users on our loan origination and documentation system.

FDIC insurance. FDIC insurance decreased, primarily due to an improvement in the leverage ratio used in the FDIC assessment as a result of the Company’s IPO in May 2021.

Professional services. Professional services decreased, primarily as a result of expenses recognized during the three months ended December 31, 2020 related to the increased audit, consulting, and legal costs incurred to support corporate organizational matters leading up to the IPO. These expenses did not recur during the three months ended December 31, 2021.

Advertising and promotional. The increase in advertising and promotional was primarily related to increases in business development, marketing, and sponsorship expenses due to in-person participation in events held during the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Other operating expenses. Other operating expenses increased, primarily due to the net effect of individually immaterial items, including increases in expenses related to travel, insurance, dues and subscriptions, data, and telephone, which increased as a result of an increase in volume of customers and employees period-over-period.

Year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to year ended December 31, 2020

The following table presents the key components of non-interest expense for the periods indicated:

  For the years ended       
(dollars in thousands) Dec 31, 2021  Dec 31, 2020  $ Change  % Change 
Salaries and employee benefits $19,825  $16,084  $3,741   23.26%
Occupancy and equipment  1,938   1,715   223   13.00%
Data processing and software  2,494   1,982   512   25.83%
FDIC insurance  700   1,137   (437)  (38.43)%
Professional services  3,792   1,960   1,832   93.47%
Advertising and promotional  1,300   1,102   198   17.97%
Loan-related expenses  1,045   732   313   42.76%
Other operating expenses  4,949   3,545   1,404   39.61%
Total non-interest expense $36,043  $28,257  $7,786   27.55%
 

Salaries and employee benefits. The increase in salaries and employee benefits year-over-year was primarily related to an increase of full-time equivalent employees and increased commissions related to our loan and deposit growth for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to December 31, 2020, as well as restricted stock compensation expense recognized for employee restricted share grants of $0.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2021, which did not occur in 2020. These increases were partially offset by a $1.7 million increase in deferred loan origination costs for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to December 31, 2020, from increased loan originations.

Data processing and software. Data processing and software increased, primarily as a result of (i) increased usage of our digital banking platform; (ii) higher transaction volumes related to the increased number of loan and deposit accounts; (iii) increased number of licenses for new users on our loan origination and documentation system; and (iv) increased costs related to improved collateral tracking, electronic statements, and mobile payment solutions.

Professional services. Professional services increased, primarily as a result of increased audit, consulting, and legal costs incurred to support corporate organizational matters leading up to the IPO during the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020.

Other operating expenses. The increase in other operating expenses year-over-year was primarily related to stock compensation expense recognized for director restricted share grants of $0.8 million, which were related to the IPO, during the year ended December 31, 2021. These expenses did not occur in the year ended December 31, 2020. Additionally, other operating expenses increased as a result of increased director fees and expenses combined with increases in expenses related to travel, insurance, dues and subscriptions, data, and telephone, which increased as a result of an increase in volume of customers and employees period-over-period.

Provision for Income Taxes

The Company terminated its status as a “Subchapter S” corporation effective May 5, 2021, in connection with the Company’s IPO and became a C Corporation. Prior to that date, as an S Corporation, the Company had no U.S. federal income tax expense. The provision recorded for the three months and year ended December 31, 2021 yielded an effective tax rate of 10.43% and 9.98%, respectively.

Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended September 30, 2021

Provision for income taxes for the quarter ended December 31, 2021 decreased by $0.9 million, or 41.81%, to $1.3 million, as compared to $2.3 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2021. This decrease is due to the true up of certain permanent items, including tax-exempt interest income. Such items were not included in the provision calculation for the three months ended September 31, 2021.
Three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to three months ended December 31, 2020

Provision for income taxes increased by $1.0 million, or 267.97%, to $1.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021, as compared to $0.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020. As noted above, this increase is due to the change in the effective tax rate from 3.50% to 10.43%. This increase was partially offset by the true up of certain permanent items, including tax-exempt interest income. Such items were not included in the provision calculation for the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to year ended December 31, 2020

Provision for income taxes increased by $3.4 million, or 254.71%, to $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020. This increase is due to the change in the tax rate as a result of the Company’s conversion from an S Corporation to a C Corporation, which was partially offset by the $4.6 million reduction to the provision for income taxes for the adjustment of the net deferred tax assets due to the termination of the Company’s S Corporation status, recorded during the three months ended June 30, 2021.

Webcast Details

Five Star Bancorp will host a webcast on Tuesday, February 1, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. PT (1:00 p.m. ET), to discuss its fourth quarter and annual results. To view the live webcast, visit the “News & Events” section of the Company’s website under “Events” at https://investors.fivestarbank.com/news-events/events. The webcast will be archived on the Company’s website for a period of 90 days.

About Five Star Bancorp

Five Star is a bank holding company headquartered in Rancho Cordova, California. Five Star operates through its wholly owned banking subsidiary, Five Star Bank. Five Star has seven branches and two loan production offices throughout Northern California.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements represent plans, estimates, objectives, goals, guidelines, expectations, intentions, projections and statements of the Company’s beliefs concerning future events, business plans, objectives, expected operating results and the assumptions upon which those statements are based. Forward-looking statements include without limitation, any statement that may predict, forecast, indicate or imply future results, performance or achievements, and are typically identified with words such as “may,” “could,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “aim,” “intend,” “plan” or words or phases of similar meaning. The Company cautions that the forward-looking statements are based largely on the Company’s expectations and are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are subject to change based on factors which are, in many instances, beyond the Company’s control. Such forward-looking statements are based on various assumptions (some of which may be beyond the Company’s control) and are subject to risks and uncertainties, which change over time, and other factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from those currently anticipated. New risks and uncertainties may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for the Company to predict their occurrence or how they will affect the Company. If one or more of the factors affecting the Company’s forward-looking information and statements proves incorrect, then the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, forward-looking information and statements contained in this press release. Therefore, the Company cautions you not to place undue reliance on the Company’s forward-looking information and statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are set forth in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 under the section entitled “Risk Factors,” and other documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time.

The Company disclaims any duty to revise or update the forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, to reflect actual results or changes in the factors affecting the forward-looking statements, except as specifically required by law.


Condensed Financial Data (Unaudited)

  For the three months ended 
(dollars in thousands, except share and per share data) December 31,
2021
  September 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Revenue and Expense Data            
Interest income $22,253  $20,832  $20,652 
Interest expense  895   923   1,460 
Net interest income  21,358   19,909   19,192 
Provision for loan losses  1,500      3,000 
Net interest income after provision  19,858   19,909   16,192 
Non-interest income:            
Service charges on deposit accounts  116   112   98 
Gain on sale of securities  15   435   197 
Gain on sale of loans  1,072   988   1,510 
Loan-related fees  219   87   434 
Dividends on FHLB stock  102   100   94 
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance  57   68   46 
Other income  209   238   161 
Total non-interest income  1,790   2,028   2,540 
Non-interest expense:            
Salaries and employee benefits  5,209   4,980   5,640 
Occupancy and equipment  544   502   476 
Data processing and software  656   611   549 
FDIC insurance  160   110   270 
Professional services  444   505   806 
Advertising and promotional  499   366   336 
Loan-related expenses  136   462   222 
Other operating expenses  1,370   1,105   612 
Total non-interest expense  9,018   8,641   8,911 
Total income before taxes  12,630   13,296   9,821 
Provision for income taxes  1,321   2,270   359 
Net income $11,309  $11,026  $9,462 
             
Share and Per Share Data            
Earnings per common share:            
Basic $0.66  $0.64  $0.86 
Diluted $0.66  $0.64  $0.86 
Book value per share $13.65  $13.16  $12.16 
Tangible book value per share(1) $13.65  $13.16  $12.16 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding  17,096,230   17,095,957   10,988,705 
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding  17,139,693   17,123,182   10,988,705 
Shares outstanding at end of period  17,224,848   17,223,808   11,000,273 
             
Credit Quality            
Allowance for loan losses to period end nonperforming loans  3954.30%  3923.67%  4909.07%
Nonperforming loans to period end loans  0.03%  0.03%  0.03%
Nonperforming assets to total assets  0.02%  0.02%  0.02%
Nonperforming loans plus performing TDRs to total loans  0.03%  0.03%  0.03%
COVID-19 deferments to period end loans  0.63%  0.72%  2.75%
             
Selected Financial Ratios            
ROAA  1.82%  1.85%  1.90%
ROAE  19.15%  19.26%  29.05%
Net interest margin  3.67%  3.60%  4.09%
Loan to deposit  85.09%  78.86%  84.53%

(1) See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure.


  For the year ended 
(dollars in thousands, except share and per share data) December 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Revenue and Expense Data        
Interest income $81,583  $74,390 
Interest expense  3,972   9,180 
Net interest income  77,611   65,210 
Provision for loan losses  1,700   9,000 
Net interest income after provision  75,911   56,210 
Non-interest income:        
Service charges on deposit accounts  424   367 
Net gain on sale of securities  724   1,438 
Gain on sale of loans  4,082   4,145 
Loan-related fees  639   2,309 
FHLB stock dividends  372   321 
Earnings on bank-owned life insurance  237   220 
Other income  802   502 
Total non-interest income  7,280   9,302 
Non-interest expense:        
Salaries and employee benefits  19,825   16,084 
Occupancy and equipment  1,938   1,715 
Data processing and software  2,494   1,982 
FDIC insurance  700   1,137 
Professional services  3,792   1,960 
Advertising and promotional  1,300   1,102 
Loan-related expenses  1,045   732 
Other operating expenses  4,949   3,545 
Total non-interest expense  36,043   28,257 
Total income before taxes  47,148   37,255 
Provision for income taxes  4,707   1,327 
Net income $42,441  $35,928 
         
Share and Per Share Data        
Earnings per common share:        
Basic $2.83  $3.57 
Diluted $2.83  $3.57 
Book value per share $13.65  $12.16 
Tangible book value per share(1) $13.65  $12.16 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding  14,972,637   10,063,183 
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding  14,995,213   10,063,183 
Shares outstanding at end of period  17,224,848   11,000,273 
         
Credit Quality        
Allowance for loan losses to period end nonperforming loans  3954.30%  4909.07%
Nonperforming loans to period end loans  0.03%  0.03%
Nonperforming assets to total assets  0.02%  0.02%
Nonperforming loans plus performing TDRs to total loans  0.03%  0.03%
COVID-19 deferments to period end loans  0.63%  2.75%
         
Selected Financial Ratios        
ROAA  1.86%  1.95%
ROAE  22.49%  31.16%
Net interest margin  3.64%  3.68%
Loan to deposit  85.09%  84.50%

(1) See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure.


(dollars in thousands) December 31,
2021
  September 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Balance Sheet Data            
Cash and due from financial institutions $136,074  $89,951  $46,028 
Interest-bearing deposits  289,255   440,881   244,465 
Time deposits in banks  14,464   17,204   23,705 
Securities - available-for-sale, at fair value  148,807   153,821   114,949 
Securities - held-to-maturity, at amortized cost  4,946   4,955   7,979 
Loans held for sale  10,671   5,267   4,820 
Total loans HFI, net of deferred loan fees  1,934,460   1,704,716   1,503,159 
Allowance for loan losses  (23,243)  (21,848)  (22,189)
Loans, net  1,911,217   1,682,868   1,480,970 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock  6,723   6,723   6,232 
Premises and equipment, net  1,773   1,630   1,663 
Bank owned life insurance  11,203   11,142   8,662 
Interest receivable and other assets  21,628   20,051   14,292 
Total assets $2,556,761  $2,434,493  $1,953,765 
             
Non-interest-bearing deposits $902,118  $899,252  $701,079 
Interest-bearing deposits  1,383,772   1,269,142   1,082,922 
Total deposits  2,285,890   2,168,394   1,784,001 
Subordinated notes, net  28,386   28,370   28,320 
Interest payable and other liabilities  7,439   11,091   7,669 
Total liabilities  2,321,715   2,207,855   1,819,990 
             
Common stock  218,444   218,216   110,082 
Retained earnings  17,168   8,442   22,348 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net  (566)  (20)  1,345 
Total shareholders’ equity $235,046  $226,638  $133,775 
             
Quarterly Average Balance Data            
Average loans $1,815,627  $1,625,995  $1,530,227 
Average interest-earning assets $2,306,767  $2,196,253  $1,866,372 
Average total assets $2,465,890  $2,365,159  $1,983,049 
Average deposits $2,197,183  $2,100,108  $1,818,360 
Average total equity $234,344  $227,155  $129,762 
             
Capital Ratio Data            
Total shareholders’ equity to total assets  9.19%  9.31%  6.85%
Tangible shareholders’ equity to tangible assets(1)  9.19%  9.31%  6.85%
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)  13.98%  15.66%  12.18%
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)  11.44%  12.79%  8.98%
Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)  11.44%  12.79%  8.98%
Tier 1 leverage ratio  9.47%  9.50%  6.58%

(1) See the section entitled “Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)” for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure.


Non-GAAP Reconciliation (Unaudited)

The Company uses financial information in its analysis of the Company’s performance that are not in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The Company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to management and investors that is supplementary to the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows computed in accordance with GAAP. However, the Company acknowledges that its non-GAAP financial measures have a number of limitations. As such, investors should not view these disclosures as a substitute for results determined in accordance with GAAP, and they are not necessarily comparable to non-GAAP financial measures that other banking companies use. Other banking companies may use names similar to those the Company uses for the non-GAAP financial measures the Company discloses but may calculate them differently. Investors should understand how the Company and other companies each calculate their non-GAAP financial measures when making comparisons.

Tangible shareholders’ equity to tangible assets is defined as total equity less goodwill and other intangible assets, divided by total assets less goodwill and other intangible assets. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is total shareholders’ equity to total assets. We had no goodwill or other intangible assets at the end of any period indicated. As a result, tangible shareholders’ equity to tangible assets is the same as total shareholders’ equity to total assets at the end of each of the periods indicated.

Tangible book value per share Is defined as total shareholders’ equity less goodwill and other intangible assets, divided by the outstanding number of common shares at the end of the period. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is book value per share. We had no goodwill or other intangible assets at the end of any period indicated. As a result, tangible book value per share is the same as book value per share at the end of each of the periods indicated.

Total loans, excluding PPP loans, is defined as total loans less PPP loans. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is total loans.

Average loans, excluding PPP loans, is defined as the daily average total loans, excluding the daily average PPP loans, and includes both performing and nonperforming loans. The most directly comparable GAAP measure is average loans.

Average loan yield, excluding PPP loans, is defined as the daily average loan yield, excluding PPP loans, and includes both performing and nonperforming loans. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is average loan yield. 

Allowance for loan losses to total loans, excluding PPP loans, is defined as allowance for loan losses, divided by total loans less PPP loans. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is allowance for loan losses to total loans. 

The following reconciliation tables provide a more detailed analysis of these non-GAAP financial measures.

Total loans, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  September 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Total loans $1,945,131  $1,709,982  $1,507,979 
PPP loans  (22,124)  (61,499)  (147,965)
Total loans, excluding PPP loans  1,923,007   1,648,483   1,360,014 


  For the three months ended 
Average loans, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  September 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Average total loans $1,815,627  $1,625,995  $1,530,227 
Less: average PPP loans  44,101   89,436   200,541 
Average total loans, excluding PPP loans  1,771,526   1,536,559   1,329,686 


  For the year ended 
Average loans, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Average total loans $1,637,280  $1,439,380 
Less: average PPP loans  116,652   165,414 
Average total loans, excluding SBA PPP loans (denominator)  1,520,628   1,273,966 


  For the three months ended 
Average loan yield, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  September 30,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Interest income on loans $21,569  $20,085  $20,087 
Less: interest income on PPP loans  1,192   2,054   3,561 
Interest income on loans, excluding PPP loans  20,377   18,031   16,526 
Annualized interest income on loans, excluding PPP loans (numerator)  80,844   71,536   65,745 
             
Average total loans $1,815,627  $1,625,995  $1,530,227 
Less: average PPP loans  44,101   89,436   200,541 
Average total loans, excluding PPP loans (denominator)  1,771,526   1,536,559   1,329,686 
Average loan yield, excluding PPP loans  4.56%  4.66%  4.94%


  For the year ended 
Average loan yield, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Interest income on loans $78,894  $71,405 
Less: interest income on PPP loans  7,417   6,535 
Interest income on loans, excluding PPP loans (numerator)  71,477   64,870 
         
Average total loans $1,637,280  $1,439,380 
Less: average PPP loans  116,652   165,414 
Average total loans, excluding PPP loans (denominator)  1,520,628   1,273,966 
Average loan yield, excluding PPP loans  4.70%  5.09%


Allowance for loan losses to total loans, excluding PPP loans
(dollars in thousands)
 December 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
Allowance for loan losses (numerator) $23,243  $22,189 
Total loans  1,945,131   1,507,979 
Less: PPP loans  22,124   147,965 
Total loans, excluding PPP loans (denominator)  1,923,007   1,360,014 
Allowance for loan losses to total loans, excluding PPP loans  1.21%  1.63%


Media Contact:
Heather Luck, CFO
Five Star Bancorp
(916) 626-5008
hluck@fivestarbank.com 

Shelley Wetton, CMO
Five Star Bancorp
(916) 284-7827
swetton@fivestarbank.com